ANKARA: From Antiquity to Modernity
The city lies in the heart of Anatolia, a historical treasure at an altitude of 850 meters. Ankara, formerly named “Ancyra” by the Celts (meaning “anchor”), was a significant cultural, trading and arts centre in Roman times and an important trading centre on the caravan route to the east in Ottoman times. As a result of being chosen as the base during the War of Liberation led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the city was declared the capital of the Republic of Turkey in 1923.
Ankara is a modern city with over 5 million, maintaining traces of civilizations dating back to the Bronze Age, to the Hittites, Phrygians, Lydians and Persians. The Romans and the Byzantines also left their mark in the region. On an imposing hill in the centre of Ankara stands the mausoleum (Anıtkabir) of Kemal Atatürk, a fusion of ancient and modern architectural ideas. The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations houses a unique collection of treasures dating back to 2000 B.C. Besides the historical monuments within the city’s heart, such as the Roman Theatre, Ankara Citadel, Temple of Augustus, Roman Bath, and the Column of Julian, the city’s environs are also rich with ancient ruins. The capital of the Seljuk Turks, Konya, renowned for the mystic “Whirling Dervishes,” lies to the southeast of Ankara.
Ankara is a centre for opera, ballet, jazz and modern dance and the home of the Turkish Parliament, ministries, foreign embassies and nine universities. Shopping in Ankara can be exciting in the old part of the town for buying old copper, jewellery, carpets and kilims, antiques and embroidery. Modern shopping malls are scattered in and around the city, selling various new items. Small shopping areas, local markets and restaurants are other attractive sights one should not miss. Ankara’s location makes it very convenient for “Weekend Escapes” to reach skiing resorts, cultural and historical sites, and the seaside. İstanbul is only five hours away by bus.
Climate in Ankara
The months of highest rain is October-November and April-May. Snow is common between the end of November until the end of March.
Annual Average Temperature
January 0 °C
April 17 °C
July 25 °C
October 20 °C
You can also check the daily weather report in Ankara on the Internet: https://mgm.gov.tr/